1. You're in total IMC about half way along in today's planned flight and you lose all electrical power - no radios or navigation equipment. What do you do and why?
2. Instead of the Cessna you've been training in, lets, for a minute, say you are now rated in and flying a Lear Jet at flight level 25 and lose your radios - what do you do, will you hold if you get there early and, if so, what altitude will you hold at? And how will you fly the approach? How long can the legs be for your procedure turns and why?
Those were the two that I had never heard before until the checkride.
I used to do a scenerio review, starting from leaving the house to go on a flight to landing. Took a few hours, but we went over everything. Great way to keep the student thinking instead of just flat out giving him/her questions out of the blue. As the scenerio progresses, you can switch things up and say, "Ok, what if the weather was this. What would you do?". They need to know how to apply the FAR's to real world flying. It's easy for the them to read and regurgitate (sp?) FAR's, but do they understand them?
Can you takeoff out of (fill in the name of your favorite VFR grass-only airport here) under IFR? If so, how do you go about it, and are there any special considerations that you need to, er, consider?
The DP/SID stuff in the AIM. How high to cross end of runway, how high to climb before turning, assumed climb gradient, etc.
You are doing an instrument approach into a Class E surface area reporting 900' and 2sm. Your buddy is holding at the FAF waiting for you to cancel so he can do the approach. You want to save him some time, can you cancel IFR as soon as you get the airport in sight?
You are inbound to a VOR which is the FAF for the approach. ATC gives you an altitude to maintain until the VOR and clears you for the approach. You happen to already be established on the inbound course. Do you have to perform a procedure turn? (NoPT is not anywhere on the approach plate).